We’ll cover the following
- Why Android ?
- Android Versions
- API level
- Programming languages
Android is one of the world’s most popular operating systems, supporting everything from 5G mobile devices to touchscreen smartphones and tablets.Android is one of the world’s most popular operating systems, supporting everything from 5G mobile devices to touchscreen smartphones and tablets. This open-source, Linux-based software is used by Google to power over 2.5 billion devices worldwide, accounting for over 80% of smartphone sales.
In September 2008, the first Android-powered device launched in the market. Android dominates the mobile OS industry because of the long list of features it provides. It’s user-friendly, has huge community support, provides a greater extent of customization, and a large number of companies build Android-compatible smartphones.
Android becomes an absolute set of software for all devices like tablets, wearables, set-top boxes, smart TVs, notebooks, etc. Android is growing as more and more manufacturers this turn to Android to power their products. This means that there’s a huge demand for Android developers worldwide. Learning these skills will make you a desirable candidate across the board.
Why Android ?
- Open Source
- Larger Developer and Community Reach
- Increased Marketing
- Inter App Integration
- Connectivity GSM, CDMA, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth,LTE, NFC and WiMAX.
- Media Supports AVI, MKV, MPEG4 ,MP3, JPEG, PNG etc.
- Rich Development Environment
- Beautiful UI, Multi-touch, Multi-tasking and Web browser
Google launched the first version of the Android platform on Nov 5, 2007. Since then, Google released a lot of android versions such as Apple Pie, Banana Bread, Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Jellybeans, Kitkat, Lollipop, marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo, Android 12 etc. with extra functionalities and new features.
The following table shows the version details of android which is released by Google from 2007 to date.
What is API level?
API Level is an integer value that uniquely identifies the framework API revision offered by a version of the Android platform.
|Code Name||Version||API level||Release date|
|Apple Pie||Android 1.0||1||September 23, 2008|
|Banana Bread||Android 1.1||2||February 9, 2009|
|Cupcake||Android 1.5||3||April 30, 2009|
|Donut||Android 1.6||4||September 15, 2009|
|Eclair||Android 2.0 – 2.1||5-7||October 26, 2009|
|Froyo||Android 2.2 – 2.2.3||8||May 20, 2010|
|Gingerbread||Android 2.3 – 2.3.4||9-10||December 6, 2010|
|Honeycomb||Android 3.0.x – 3.2.x||11 – 13||February 22, 2011|
|Ice Cream Sandwich||Android 4.0 – 4.0.4||14 – 15||October 18, 2011|
|Jelly Bean||Android 4.1 – 4.1.2||16 – 18||July 9, 2012|
|Kitkat||Android 4.4 – 4.4.4||19||July 9, 2012|
|Lollipop||Android 5.0 – 5.1||21 – 22||October 17, 2014|
|Marshmallow||Android 6.0 – 6.0.1||23||October 5, 2015|
|Nougat||Android 7.0 – 7.1||24 – 25||August 22, 2016|
|Oreo||Android 8.0||26||August 21, 2017|
|Pie||Android 9.0||27||August 6, 2018|
|Android Q||Android 10.0||29||September 3, 2019|
|Android 11||Android 11.0||30||September 8, 2020|
|Android 12||Android 12.0||31||October 4, 2021|
There are 3 programming languages and 1 markup language which are used in Android development:
- Java/Kotlin – source code
- Groovy – build scripts
- XML – layout structure and resources
Developing the Android Application using Kotlin is preferred by Google, as Kotlin is made an official language for Android Development, which is developed and maintained by JetBrains. Previously before the Java is considered the official language for Android Development. Kotlin is made official for Android Development in Google I/O 2017.
You have successfully completed the post. Do Share : )